What Is Premarital Health Check Up? Why Is It Important?

Marriage is a significant event in anybody’s life. It marks the first step to starting a family and building emotional, social, and familial ties. The couple plan for everything, from the venue to the attire. There are many check-ups done, so nothing gets missed out. Yet, this one premarital test got missed, which affects the medical aspects of marriage. No matter how progressive society could become, it still overlooks it. People are not aware of its importance. This medical test before marriage contributes to the bigger picture later. It is helpful to gauge the positive health status of two people getting married.

What Is A Premarital Test?

The premarital test is testing couples who are going to marry shortly. It tests couples for common:

Hereditary blood disorders (such as sickle cell anaemia and thalassemia)
Infectious diseases (such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS).
This test ensures couples identify potential health issues and dangers of transmitting diseases. This help protects themselves as well as their children after marriage. In case any health condition affects them, they already know about it. This test develops trans-piracy and confidence in one about the other’s medical status.

Why Is A Premarital Test Important?

There are several benefits of the premarital test:

1. Build a strong marital relationship:

Premarital testing provides a neutral result for a person’s genetics and family medical history. Couples can learn more about one other’s eating and exercise habits, weight, addictions, and other factors. This might later benefit their health.

2. Prevents transmission of genetic diseases:

Diseases can get transferred to children if parents remain unchecked. These disorders may shorten the lifespan of children or make them suffer for the rest of their lives. Premarital tests lower the chance of transmission.

3. Prevents transmission of STDs:

Certain diseases like HIV, hepatitis, and syphilis often go unnoticed. It can later become a significant problem for couples, which may need treatment. There can be problems in pregnancy as well for females or this even becomes a reason for death. Hence, a medical test before marriage is essential.

4. Helps in family planning:

When the couple is aware of the transmissible diseases, they can decide whether to plan a family. The couple can check whether their Rh factor is the same. This way, it is easier for them to plan a healthy family. As a result, couples should plan a premarital test at least 3 months before the wedding day. This way they can better arrange their future life. The premarital compatibility certificates are only valid for 6 months. We may repeat this medical test before marriage if necessary.

What Should The Couple Get Tested For?

1. Routine Blood Test:

This test detects any flaws in cells. It includes complete blood count (CBC), urine analyses, and peripheral blood smears. ABO-RH (blood group testing) determines the risks of pregnancy in women who are Rh-negative.

2. Infection test:

These tests detect syphilis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, and STDs.

3. Genetic tests:

The doctor does this test for serious blood disorders such as thalassemia based on the family’s medical history.

4. Psychological conditions:

In a world of constant stress, psychological issues are quite common. Conditions such as schizophrenia, personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and bipolar disorder. The couple should also address the condition of anger management.

5. Gynaecological test:

This test rates the health of a woman’s reproductive system. A doctor uses a spectrum during the general test to inspect the vagina and cervix. The check can detect gynaecological disorders like chocolate cysts and uterine myomas. The Pap smear is a more specific test used to diagnose cervical cancer.

6. Thalassemia Test:

It is a genetic blood condition that leads to the development of abnormal haemoglobin cells. RBCs carrying it are repeatedly destroyed because they are abnormal, resulting in anaemia. A patient with thalassemia major may need regular blood transfusions.

What Parameters Get Tested?

For Females panel comprises:

Complete Hemogram
Blood Group & Rh Typing
RBS (Random Blood Sugar)
HbA1C (for type I and type II diabetes)
HPLC (for thalassemia)
VDRL (for Syphilis)
HIV
HbsAg (for Hepatitis B)
HCV (for Hepatitis C)
Sickling Test (to check if a carrier of a sickle-cell trait)
TSH (for thyroid hormone)
Urine Routine
For Males panel comprises:

Complete Hemogram
Blood Group & Rh Typing
RBS (Random Blood Sugar)
HbA1C (for type I and type II diabetes)
HPLC (for thalassemia)
VDRL (for Syphilis)
HIV
HbsAg (for Hepatitis B)
HCV (for Hepatitis C)
Sickling test (to check if a carrier of sickle cell trait)
Urine routine
Semen Analysis (for fertility)
What Did The Premarital Test Cost?

The price of the test will vary. Depending on the location of the test, the medical equipment, and the quality of the facility. The premarital test will include a variety of packages, with a reference price of Rs 2500. The cost will go high if both desire an in-depth check. Or if the doctor discovers an issue that requires extra review. As a result, when performing the test, the doctor will tell the most particular pricing.

Conclusion

Health status is a comprehensive assessment of both physical and psychological well-being. A premarital test is a must-go before all other marriage rituals. This is a way in which two people pledge to take care of themselves and their partner’s health. Thus before marriage contact a doctor, ask “what is premarital test” and then undergo a series of check-ups. This would make a couple aware of their partner’s heredity and genetics and will help prevent any future problems.

What Is Premarital Health Check Up? Why Is It Important?